Mg-Al Interdiffusion and Phase Growth Kinetics
Kulkarni, Kaustubh N.
Luo, Alan A.
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Binary interdiffusion data as functions of composition in the Mg-Al system are essential in modeling kinetics of phase transformations in multicomponent Mg and Al alloys. Interdiffusion and phase growth kinetics were studied in the binary Mg-Al system using multiphase diffusion couples assembled between pure Mg and pure Al at 380, 400 and 420 C. Two phases, Al3Mg2 (b) and Mg17Al12 (c) were formed between Al and Mg at the three temperatures studied. Both b and c phases were observed to follow parabolic growth with time, which suggests that the growth of the two phases is controlled by bulk diffusion mechanisms. The activation energies for the growth of b and c phases in the temperature range of 380-420 C were found to be 37.3±4.1 and 187.7±1.9 kJ/mol, respectively. The interdiffusion coefficients were evaluated as functions of compositions in various phases at the three temperatures studied, which were further utilized for evaluating the activation energies and frequency factors for interdiffusion in each phase. The activation energy for interdiffusion in FCC-Al is found to increase with increasing Mg-content whereas the activation energies for interdiffusion in HCP-Mg and c phases do not vary significantly with composition.