Annealing Kinetics of Voids and the Self-Diffusion Coefficient in Aluminum
Volin, T. E.
Balluffi, R. W.
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The annealing kinetics of voids in 99.9999 wt% pure aluminum were studied over the temperature range 85 to 209 °C in thin specimens by transmission electron microscopy. The isothermal shrinkage of individual voids was measured and interpreted on the basis of a self-diffusion annealing model. The self-diffusion coefficient of aluminum, as determined from the data, was given by Ds = 0.176 exp (-1.31 eV/kt) cm2s−1. The activation energy, Q = 1.31 eV, is significantly lower than the value Q = 1.48 eV determined by Lundy and Murdock at temperatures near the melting point in the only reported measurement by the radioactive tracer technique. Considerable evidence from a variety of sources is discussed which tends to support the present result.