Al-Li-Zn Thermodynamic description
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The Al–Li–Zn system was critically assessed using the CALPHAD technique. The solution phases (liquid, bcc, fcc and hcp) were described by the substitutional solution model. The compounds Al2Li3 and Al4Li9 in the Al–Li system had homogeneity ranges of Zn and were treated as (Al,Zn)2Li3 and (Al,Zn)4Li9 in the Al–Li–Zn system, respectively. The compounds αLi2Zn3, βLi2Zn3, αLi2Zn5, βLi2Zn5 and αLiZn4 in the Li–Zn system had no solubility of the third component Al in the Al–Li–Zn system. A two-sublattice model (Al,Li,Zn)0.2(Al,Li,Zn)0.8 was applied to describe the compound βLiZn4 in the Al–Li–Zn system in order to cope with the order–disorder transition between hexagonal close-packed solution (hcp-A3) and βLiZn4 with the Mg-type structure. The ternary compound τ2 with a NaTl-type structure (B32) had the same structure with the compounds AlLi in the binary Al–Li system and LiZn in the binary Li–Zn system. In the present work, the three compounds AlLi, LiZn and τ2 were treated as one phase by a two-sublattice model (Al,Li,Zn)0.5(Al,Li,Zn)0.5 in order to cope with the order–disorder transition between B32(AlLi, LiZn and τ2) and body-centered cubic solid solution (bcc-A2). The ternary intermetallic compounds τ1 and τ3 in the Al–Li–Zn system were treated as the formula Li(Al,Zn)2 and (AlLi,Zn)Zn3, respectively. A set of self-consistent thermodynamic parameters describing the Gibbs energy of each individual phase as a function of composition and temperature in the Al–Li–Zn system was obtained.
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