Elemental vacancy diffusion for fcc and hcp structures
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This work demonstrates how databases of diffusion-related properties can be developed from high-throughput ab initio calculations. The formation and migration energies for vacancies of all adequately stable pure elements in both the face-centered cubic (fcc) and hexagonal close packing (hcp) crystal structures were determined using ab initio calculations. For hcp migration, both the basal plane and z-direction nearest-neighbor vacancy hops were considered. Energy barriers were successfully calculated for 49 elements in the fcc structure and 44 elements in the hcp structure. These data were plotted against various elemental properties in order to discover significant correlations. The calculated data show smooth and continuous trends when plotted against Mendeleev numbers. The vacancy formation energies were plotted against cohesive energies to produce linear trends with regressed slopes of 0.317 and 0.323 for the fcc and hcp structures respectively. This result shows the expected increase in vacancy formation energy with stronger bonding. The slope of approximately 0.3, being well below that predicted by a simple fixed bond strength model, is consistent with a reduction in the vacancy formation energy due to many-body effects and relaxation. Vacancy migration barriers are found to increase nearly linearly with increasing stiffness, consistent with the local expansion required to migrate an atom. A simple semi-empirical expression is created to predict the vacancy migration energy from the lattice constant and bulk modulus for fcc systems, yielding estimates with errors of approximately 30%. Data notes: Migration barriers may be extracted from NEB static energies (OSZICAR files). Uncorrected vacancy formation energies may be extracted from ep1_static energies compared to bulk_static energies. No POTCAR files are included in the data, but are required for data reproduction. Each OUTCAR file will contain information about the pseudopotential used.
This item URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/11256/76
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